The three ways to lighten dark spots caused by age, sun exposure, and or Acne are:
- Exfoliate daily and USE PEELS IN THE FALL/WINTER: Pm works best but you can exfoliate both day and night. You can OVER exfoliate causing flakiness, dryness, and itchiness, especially in the winter. If you are planning to exfoliate twice a day, then use a gentle, powder based exfoliant during the day and a more acid based exfoliant in the PM. If you OVER exfoliate, you can make your skin more sensitive to the sun and may increase Melanin production, making your brown spots appear darker. Exfoliating evens out your skint tone, and any lightning serums you are using are more readily absorbed into the skin. For immediate better results, use a blend of Glycolic acid, Lactic acid, and Kojic Acid. PLEASE SEEK A PROFESSIONAL. CHEMICAL PEEL BURNS CAUSE MORE PIGMENTATION.
- Use a HIGH SPF Sunscreen- Using a 30 SPF sunscreen and a 45 SPF sunscreen does NOT increase coverage. For example, if you use a 15 SPF make up on top of a 30 SPF sunscreen, your protection coverage drops down to 17 SPF.Using a sunscreen that contains lightners and brighters are also recommended. EVERY TIME you are exposed to the sun such as driving, walking back and forth to your car,etc stimulates your Melanocytes (cells that create Melanin) to create Melanin that makes your skin brown.
- Use a lightning product that are Tyrosinase Inhibitors- It has been discovered that one of the key ingredients needed to make the Melanin is Tyrosinase. If you inhibit Tyrosinase production, your brown spots and hyper pigmentation areas start to lighten and fade. Some examples of this would be products that contain Licorice Root, Arbutin, Kojic Acid, Etc.
These three things needed to be done every day and NOT occasionally. The more consistent your skin care regimen, the better your results will be.